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"We all know what the world needs and those who are chained in fear. Some don't have the light in sight to see and are astray.

We all have the wisdom to cure ourselves, but most of all to feel the permission to cry and heal and not be abandoned. It's no more silence, no more ignoring including yourself"

Male survivor, initiator website, bachelor clinical psychology not active, became so confused that I got a mix of PTSD and psychosis later on in  life, now for 6 years free of it. The wisdom of  the heart or feelings you don't find in textbooks op psychology or psychiatry. Free yourself, takes time though. Pitty and in fact shameful that and so discarding that the effects of - mostly chronic - abuse are still a few lines in textbooks of clinical- or developmental psychology.

Neurogenesis hypocampus; the answer and the way to …..

It is known from various meta-analyzes that child abuse and therefore also PTSD leads to a decrease in nerve cells in hypocampal structures. But what many do not know that new nerve cells are also growing in the areas and making new connections. Stress kills nerve cells because it is chronic and there is no rest or extinction of the stimuli. As a result of thus conditioning the learning of anxiety and panic. This leads to lower cortisol levels at rest and much higher in situations that unknowingly stimulate the brain in an anxiety response. Pavlov taught us that the classical learned response also had similar responses - but lesser ones - in stimuli that resembled something and therefore situations.

Red Lines: Serotoninerge pathways

Due to the death of nerve cells in hypocampal areas, there is a decrease in better regulation of the HPA axis and thus a reduction in regulation of emotions and thus an increase in depressive feelings and anxiety. Now, under the influence of serotonergic (serotonin) systems, oxitocin appears to have an influence via the nucleus accumbus on the HPA axis, which in turn has its influence on the development of new nerve cells in the hypocampus.

It is precisely the re-growth of nerve cells in these areas that can lead to a decrease in depressive feelings and better regulation of the HPA-axis. The crux is that we have to find the answer why hypocampal structures and neurogenicity can occur and under which circumstances, so which genes and how this expression proceeds by means of epigenetics.  We now also know that mRNA makes it possible for new nerve connections to grow, that is made clear with radioactive markers in the mRNA. The path and discovery of the circumstances in which especially epigenetics must be involved, under which neurogenesis can occur can not only help with depression, anxiety and (C) PTSD, but also lead the way to recovery from brain damage. What we now know is, in particular, a healthy diet with sufficient omega 3 and 6 fatty acids, but also exercise and mindfulness.

 

Neurogenesis in hyppcampus

 

Final word:

It is evidently the early childhood traumatization and also the experienced emotional bond - from with the desorgananized form is a a source of DID and b a clear sign of abuse. - of the child with its parents and its influence on experiencing a secure bond with emotionally important people later in life. Not being able to experience this warm relation and feeling worthwhile leads to all kinds of complaints and especially loneliness. In the worst form, untreated, it leads to a successful suicide. We now know how important this restorative bond with others is. But now also how it works in terms of brainfunctioning  and biology thus genetically and epigenetically. The neurological consequences are not atypical - time to use AI in fMRI and PET testing - and not a cause either. We need to look more at how we can restore this underdeveloped brainregions with current knowledge. Certainly now that we also see more how plastic the brain can be, that offers hope and let us use our insights positively and wisely.